Surface engineering (SE) deals with the materials science and technology of modifying and improving the surface properties of materials for protection in demanding contact conditions or aggressive environments, as well as designing different functionalities with respect to of combination of electrical, optical, thermal, chemical, and biochemical responses, including adaptive and active control of functions. Strategies include both substrate surface modification via plasma, ion-, electron-, laser-beam processes, as well as deposition processes such as physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition , spray, sol-gel, etc. SE involves multiple/hybrid techniques to form gradient near-surface architectures with special attention to interface design. Areas of scientific interest span the full spectrum of fundamental scientific understanding via modeling, synthesis-structure-property-performance relationships, to real-world engineering applications.
Current Hot Topics:
- Multifunctionality of surfaces, including active and adaptive control
- Interface design
- Modeling approaches using density functional theory, molecular dynamics simulations, and finite element methods
- Engineered multilayers and nanostructured coatings